Violencia en América Latina: ¿qué factores aumentan el riesgo de ser victimizado dentro de la prisión?

Palabras clave: América Latina, prisión, reintegración, víctimas, violencia

Resumen

El artículo contribuye a expandir el conocimiento sobre la violencia en contexto de encierro en América Latina, a partir del análisis de la Encuesta a Personas Privadas de Libertad realizada en seis países de la región. Identifica los factores de riesgo que incrementan la vulnerabilidad de los varones privados de libertad a ser victimizados dentro de la prisión. Los resultados muestran que las personas detenidas más proclives a ser víctimas de violencia dentro de la prisión son quienes tienen menor edad, fueron víctimas de violencia durante su infancia, reciben visitas poco frecuentes, son reincidentes, consumen alcohol y/o drogas dentro del penal, conciben cierto nivel de corrupción entre los agentes de seguridad y/o, además, están en penales con problemas de hacinamiento. En la misma línea, quienes emplean la mayor parte de su tiempo dentro del penal en trabajar y/o estudiar, y/o quienes están detenidos por drogas son menos propensos a ser victimizados. El artículo sugiere posibles estrategias de intervención para erradicar la violencia dentro de los centros penitenciarios, para reforzar su rol “reintegrador”.

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Publicado
2020-09-08
Cómo citar
Safranoff, A., & Kaiser, D. (2020). Violencia en América Latina: ¿qué factores aumentan el riesgo de ser victimizado dentro de la prisión?. URVIO. Revista Latinoamericana De Estudios De Seguridad, (28), 80-99. https://doi.org/10.17141/urvio.28.2020.4432