China: gran estrategia y poder marítimo en la era de Xi Jinping

  • Daniel García Sanz Universidad Internacional del Ecuador - Escuela de Relaciones Internacionales

Resumen

China ha expandido el alcance de su poder marítimo en función de los imperativos geoeconómicos y geoestratégicos marcados por la actual fase de su resurgimiento como una gran potencia. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar el rol del poder marítimo en la gran estrategia china en la era de Xi Jinping. La metodología se basa en la revisión de fuentes secundarias (trabajos recientes de algunos de los expertos más reconocidos en el estudio de las relaciones internacionales de China), complementada con referencias a fuentes primarias (pronunciamientos y documentos oficiales del gobierno chino). Partiendo de los conceptos de gran estrategia y poder marítimo, se argumenta que la manifestación más clara de la gran estrategia china de “rejuvenecimiento nacional” en la era de Xi Jinping es la Iniciativa de la Franja y la Ruta. Su lógica geoestratégica expande el ámbito geográfico del poder marítimo de China, al abarcar los “mares cercanos” del océano Pacífico y los “mares lejanos” del océano Índico.

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Publicado
2020-04-28
Cómo citar
García Sanz, D. (2020). China: gran estrategia y poder marítimo en la era de Xi Jinping. URVIO. Revista Latinoamericana De Estudios De Seguridad, (27), 57-72. https://doi.org/10.17141/urvio.27.2020.4381