La considerabilidad moral: fundamento ético del reconocimiento de la naturaleza como sujeto de derecho

  • Santiago Vallejo University of Szeged
Palabras clave: antropocentrismo, biocentrismo, ecocentrismo, ética ambiental, ética de la tierra

Resumen

En los últimos años, se ha vuelto recurrente la idea de dotar de derechos a la naturaleza, lo cual se evidencia en el surgimiento de una buena cantidad de análisis desde diferentes visiones teóricas. Su estudio, por tanto, se ha vuelto obligatorio en el campo de la ética, justificado como una alternativa para enfrentar la actual crisis ambiental. Una perspectiva ética debe ser asumida como fuente indispensable de la construcción teórico-legal de los derechos de la naturaleza, en vista de que gran parte de las elaboraciones doctrinarias en materia de estatus legal se deriva frecuentemente de la filosofía moral. En esencia, tal como Stone magistralmente sugiere, la interrelación entre el reconocimiento de los derechos (fundamentales) hacia nuevos sujetos legales y la concomitante expansión de las fronteras de la considerabilidad moral hacia ellos mismos responde a una historia paralela. En términos más precisos, los titulares de derechos son por lo general seres moralmente reconocibles y viceversa. El presente artículo versa sobre dicha interrelación histórica. Se describen las diversas interpretaciones éticas que han surgido, siguiendo como hilo conductor la categorización ética empleada por el profesor J. Baird Callicott.

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Publicado
2019-08-27
Cómo citar
Vallejo, Santiago. 2019. La Considerabilidad Moral: Fundamento ético Del Reconocimiento De La Naturaleza Como Sujeto De Derecho. Letras Verdes. Revista Latinoamericana De Estudios Socioambientales, n.º 26 (agosto), 11-34. https://doi.org/10.17141/letrasverdes.26.2019.3913.