Internalización del principio de las responsabilidades comunes, pero diferenciadas: interpretaciones desde la sociedad civil brasileña/Internalization of the Principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibilities: Interpretations from the Brazilian Civil

  • Christopher Kurt Kiessling CONICET-Universidad Católica de Córdoba
Palabras clave: Brasil, Principio de las responsabilidades comunes pero diferenciadas, Normas internacionales, Internalización de normas, Localización, Constructivismo, Cambio Climático

Resumen

El principio de las responsabilidades comunes, pero diferenciadas, ha sido una norma constitutiva de la política climática global. Su interpretación tradicional sostiene que diferentes niveles de protección ambiental deben esperarse entre los países desarrollados y los países emergentes y/o en vías de desarrollo. Sin embargo, dicho sentido comenzó a ser cuestionado y contestado por actores de la sociedad civil, tanto a escala global como en contextos domésticos particulares. En este artículo se describe el proceso de localización del principio de las responsabilidades comunes, pero diferenciadas, en el discurso doméstico brasilero de la sociedad civil organizada sobre cambio climático entre los años 2005 y 2015, desde una perspectiva constructivista de las Relaciones Internacionales. Para alcanzar este objetivo, se plantean las diversas interpretaciones y reinterpretaciones del principio por parte de actores no estatales en Brasil.

 

Abstract

The principle of common but differentiated responsibilities has been a constitutive norm since the origins of the global climate policy. The traditional interpretation of this norm maintains that different levels of environmental protection should be expected between developed countries and emerging and/or developing countries. However, this interpretation began to be questioned and challenged by civil society actors, both globally and in particular domestic contexts. This article describes the process of localization of the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities in the Brazilian domestic discourse of organized civil society on climate change between the years 2005 and 2015, from a constructivist perspective of International Relations. To achieve this objective, the different interpretations and reinterpretations of the principle by non-state actors in Brazil are presented.

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Publicado
2019-02-25
Cómo citar
Kiessling, Christopher. 2019. «Internalización Del Principio De Las Responsabilidades Comunes, Pero Diferenciadas: Interpretaciones Desde La Sociedad Civil Brasileña/Internalization of the Principle of Common But Differentiated Responsibilities: Interpretations from the Brazilian Civi»l. Letras Verdes. Revista Latinoamericana De Estudios Socioambientales, n.º 25 (febrero), 8-28. https://doi.org/10.17141/letrasverdes.25.2019.3663.