Estudios de ignorancia, inteligencia y la guerra contra las drogas en Colombia/ Ignorance studies, intelligence and the war on drugs in Colombia

  • Javier Guerrero Castro The Institute for the Study of Science, Technology and Innovation, The University of Edinburgh.
Palabras clave: estudios de ignorancia, Guerra contra las drogas, guerra contra las drogas, Estudios de Ignorancia, inteligencia, Interdicción Marítima, interdicción marítima, Inteligencia

Resumen

Resumen

Los enormes recursos invertidos en la inteligencia en la guerra contra las drogas han permitido a las agencias estatales acumular un importante conocimiento sobre el actuar de las redes internacionales del narcotráfico. La inteligencia juega un papel central en la planeación y conducción de operaciones de interdicción marítima. La utilización de la inteligencia en este tipo de operaciones tiene, sin embargo, limitaciones; y no menos importante, la interpretación y reinterpretación que se hace de los resultados. Propongo que los estudios de ignorancia pueden servir para explicar estos resultados paradójicos, así como el rol y los límites de la inteligencia en la guerra contra las drogas. En este artículo se reflexiona sobre las posibilidades de los estudios de ignorancia para entender las diferentes interpretaciones del uso de la inteligencia y los resultados de esta. El presente análisis se basa en una serie de entrevistas realizadas a miembros de la Armada en diversas partes del país.

 

Abstract

The enormous resources invested in intelligence in the war on drugs have allowed state agencies to accumulate a valuable knowledge about the actions of international drug trafficking networks. Intelligence plays a central role in planning and conducting maritime interdiction operations. The use of intelligence in this type of operations, however, has limitations, not least the interpretation and reinterpretation of the results. I propose that studies of ignorance can serve to explain these paradoxical results, as well as the role and limits of intelligence in the war on drugs. In this article, we reflect on the possibilities of ignorance studies to understand the different interpretations of the use of intelligence and the results of this. The present analysis was based on a series of interviews with members of the Navy in various regions of the country.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Citas

Andreas, Peter. 1999. “Smuggling Wars: Law Enforcement and Law Evasion in a Changing World.” In Transnational Crime in the Americas, edited by Tom Farer, 85–98. New York & London: Routledge.

———. 2003. “Redrawing the Line: Borders and Security in the Twenty-First Century.” International Security 28 (2). The MIT Press: 78–111.

Andreas, Peter, and Kelly M Greenhill. 2010. “Introduction: The Politics of Numbers.” In Sex, Drugs, and Body Counts The Politics of Numbers in Global Crime and Conflict, edited by Andreas Peter and Kelly M Greenhill, 1–22. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.

Armada República de Colombia. 2011. “Plan Estratégico Naval 2011-2014.” Bogotá, D. C., Colombia: Armada República de Colombia.

Feldman, Allen. 2004. “Securocratic Wars of Public Safety Globalized Policing as Scopic Regime.” Interventions 6 (3): 330–50.

Ferratto, Andrés I. 2015. “Crimen Organizado E Inteligencia Estratégica: Desafíos Para El Siglo XXI.” URVIO - Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios de Seguridad 0 (15): 55–70.

Fingar, Thomas. 2011. Reducing Uncertainty: Intelligence Analysis and National Security. Stanford University Press.

Gandy Jr, Oscar H. 2012. “Statistical Surveillance Remote Sensing in the Digital Age.” In Routledge Handbook of Surveillance Studies, edited by Kirstie Ball, Kevin D. Haggerty, and David Lyon, 125–32. London and New York: Routledge.

Gentry, John A. 2016. “Toward a Theory of Non-State Actors’ Intelligence.” Intelligence and National Security 31 (4). Routledge: 465–89.

Gootenberg, Paul. 2005. “Talking Like a State: Drugs, Borders, and the Language of Control.” In Illicit Flows and Criminal Things States, Borders, and the Other Side of Globalization, edited by Willem van Schendel and Abraham Itty, 101–27. Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

———. 2009. “Talking About the Flow: Drugs, Borders, and the Discourse of Drug Control.” Cultural Critique 71 (1): 13–46.

Gross, Matthias, and Linsey McGoey. 2015. Routledge International Handbook of Ignorance Studies. Routledge.

Group on Maritime Narcotrafficking. 2003. “Hemispheric Study of Maritime Narcotrafficking.” Washington, D.C.

Guerrero Castro, Javier. 2016. “Maritime Interdiction in the War on Drugs in Colombia: Practices, Technologies and Technological Innovation.” The University of Edinburgh.

Johnson, Loch K. 2007. “Introduction.” In Handbook of Intelligence Studies, edited by Loch K Johnson, 1–16. Aalborg, Denmark: Routledge.

Johnson, Loch K, and Peter Jackson. 2010. “On Uncertainty and the Limits of Intelligence,” no. April 2016. “Oxford University Press”: 1–24.

Kan, Paul Rexton. 2006. “Counternarcotics Operations within Counterinsurgency: The Pivotal Role of Intelligence.” International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 19 (4). Routledge:

Kenney, Michael. 2003. “Intelligence Games: Comparing the Intelligence Capabilities of Law Enforcement Agencies and Drug Trafficking Enterprises.” International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 16 (2): 212–43.

———. 2007. “The Architecture of Drug Trafficking: Network Forms of Organisation in the Colombian Cocaine Trade.” Global Crime 8 (3). Routledge: 233–59.

Kent, Sherman. 1949. Strategic Intelligence for American World Policy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Marrin, Stephen, and Jonathan D Clemente. 2005. “Improving Intelligence Analysis by Looking to the Medical Profession.” International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence 18 (4). Routledge: 707–29.

Mejía, Daniel, and Carlos Esteban Posada. 2008. “Cocaine Production and Trafficking: What Do We Know?” In . Policy Research Working Paper. The World Bank, Development Research Group, Macroeconomics and Growth Team.

Moloeznik, Marcos Pablo. 2003. “The Military Dimension of the War on Drugs in Mexico and Colombia.” Crime, Law and Social Change 40 (1): 107–12.

Paz, José Gabriel. 2015. “Perspectivas de Cooperación En Inteligencia Estratégica. Un Aporte Para La Consolidación de La Integración Regional.” In Inteligencia Estratégica Latinoamericana Perspectivas Y Ejes Predominantes Para La Toma de Decisiones Estratégicas Ante Un Mundo En Cambio, edited by Paz José Gabriel, 21–37. Buenos Aires: Ministerio de Defensa de Argentina.

Proctor, Robert N. 2008. “Agnotology A Missing Term to Describe the Cultural Production of Ignorance (and Its Study).” In Agnotology The Making and Unmaking of Ignorance, edited by Robert N Proctor and Londa Schiebinger, 1–36. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.

Ramirez, Byron, and Robert J Bunker. 2014. “Narco-Submarines Specially Fabricated Vessels Used For Drug Smuggling Purposes.”

Rappert, Brian. 2015. “Sensing Absence: How to See What Isn’t There in the Study of Science and Security.” In Absence in Science, Security and Policy: From Research Agendas to Global Strategy, edited by Brian Rappert and Brian Balmer, 3–33. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Rappert, Brian, and Brian Balmer. 2015. “Ignorance Is Strenght? Intelligence, Security and National Secrets.” In Routledge International Handbook of Ingnorance Studies, edited by Matthias Gross and Lindsay McGoey, 328–37. London and New York: Routledge.

Räsänen, Minna, and James M Nyce. 2013. “The Raw Is Cooked: Data in Intelligence Practice .” Science, Technology & Human Values 38 (5): 655–77.

Rico, Daniel M. 2013. “Las Dimensiones Internacionales Del Crimen Organizado En Colombia: Las Bacrim, Sus Rutas Y Refugios.” Washington, D.C.

Simon, Herbert A. 1991. “Bounded Rationality and Organizational Learning.” Organization Science 2 (1). INFORMS: 125–34.

Spinardi, Graham. 2014. “Technical Controversy and Ballistic Missile Defence: Disputing Epistemic Authority in the Development of Hit-to-Kill Technology.” Science as Culture 23 (1). Routledge: 1–26.

Van Puyvelde, Damien. 2016. “Fusing Drug Enforcement: A Study of the El Paso Intelligence Center.” Intelligence and National Security 31 (6). Taylor & Francis: 888–902.

Vellinga, Menno. 2004. “The Political Economy of the Drug Industry: It's Structure and Functioning.” In The Political Economy of the Drug Industry, Latin America and the International System, edited by Menno Vellinga, 3–24. Gainesville, FL, USA: University Press of Florida.

Vogel, Kathleen M., Brian Balmer, Sam Weiss Evans, Inga Kroener, Miwao Matsumoto, and Rappert Brian. 2016. “The Handbook of Science and

Technology Studies.” In The Handbook of Science and Technology Studies, edited by Ulrike Felt, Rayvon Fouché, Clark A Miller, and Laurel Smith-Doerr, 973–1002. Cambridge, Massachusetts London, England: MIT Press.

Wainwright, Tom. 2016. Narconomics Cómo Administrar Un Cartel de Drogas. Bogotá, D. C., Colombia: Debate.

Zaitch, Damián. 2004. “Post-Fordist Cocaine, Labor and Business Relations among Colombian Dealers.” In The Political Economy of the Drug Industry, Latin America and the International System, edited by Menno Vellinga, 148–74. Gainesville, FL, USA: University Press of Florida.

Zuniga, Liza. 2015. “Intelligence Laws of North, Central, and South America.” In Intelligence Management in the Americas, edited by Russell G. Swenson and Carolina Sancho Hirane, 48–56. Washington, D.C.: National Intelligence University.

Publicado
2017-11-13
Cómo citar
Guerrero Castro, J. (2017). Estudios de ignorancia, inteligencia y la guerra contra las drogas en Colombia/ Ignorance studies, intelligence and the war on drugs in Colombia. URVIO - Revista Latinoamericana De Estudios De Seguridad, (21), 158-174. https://doi.org/10.17141/urvio.21.2017.2943